Expectations

Expectations are self-concatenated strings that evaluate an actual value to an expected value or condition. These are initiated by the global TestBox method called expect() which takes in a value called the actual value or expectAll() which takes in an array or struct which will be the actual value. It is concatenated in our expectations DSL with a matcher function that will most likely take in an expected value or condition to test. You can also concatenate the matchers and do multiple evaluations on a single actual value.

Matchers

Each matcher implements a comparison or evaluation of the actual value and an expected value or condition. It is responsible for either passing or failing this evaluation and reporting it to TestBox. Each matcher also has a negative counterpart assertion by just prefixing the call to the matcher with a not expression.

function run(){

     describe("The 'toBe' matcher evaluates equality", function(){
          it("and has a positive case", function(){
               expect( true ).toBe( true );
          });

          it("and has a negative case", function(){
               expect( false ).notToBe( true );
          });
     });

     describe("Collection expectations", function(){
        it( "can be done easily with TestBox", function(){
            expectAll( {a:2,b:4,c:6} ).toSatisfy( function(x){ return 0 == x%2; });
        });
    });

}

Included Matchers

TestBox has a plethora (That's Right! I said Plethora) of matchers that are included in TestBox. The best way to see all the latest matchers is to visit our API and digest the testbox.system.Expectation class. There is also the ability to register and write custom matchers in TestBox via our addMatchers() function at runtime.

describe("Some Included TestBox Matchers:", function() {

     describe("The 'toBe' matcher", function() {
          it("works for simple values", function() {
               coldbox = 1;
               expect( coldbox )
                    .toBe( 1 )
                    .notToBe( 5 );
          });

          it("works for complex values too (arrays,structs,queries,objects)", function() {
               expect( [1,2] ).toBe( [1,2] );
               expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).toBe( { awesome=true, name="luis" } );
               expect( this ).toBe( this );
               expect( queryNew("") ).toBe( queryNew("") );
          });
     });

     it("The 'toBeWithCase' matches strings with case equality", function() {
          expect( 'hello' )
               .toBeWithCase( 'hello' )
               .notToBeWithCase( 'HELLO' );
     });

     it("The 'toBeTrue' and 'toBeFalse' matchers are used for boolean operations", function() {
          coldbox_rocks = true;
          expect( coldbox_rocks ).toBeTrue();
          expect( !coldbox_rocks ).toBeFalse();
     });

     it("The 'toBeNull' expects null values", function() {
          foo = "bar";
          expect( javaCast("null", "") ).toBeNull();
          expect( foo ).notToBeNull();
     });

     it("The 'toBeInstanceOf' expects the object to be of the same class or inheritance or implementation", function() {
          expect( new coldbox.system.Assertions ).toBeInstanceOf( 'coldbox.system.Assertions' );
          expect( this ).notToBeInstanceOf( 'coldbox.system.MockBox' );
     });

     it("The 'toMatch' matcher is for regular expressions with case sensitivity", function() {
          message = 'foo man choo';

          expect( message )
               .toMatch( '^foo' )
               .toMatch( '(man)' )
               .notToMatch( 'superman' );
     });

     it("The 'toMatchNoCase' matcher is for regular expressions with no case sensitivity", function() {
          message = 'foo man choo';

          expect( message )
               .toMatch( '^FOO' )
               .toMatch( '(MAN)' )
               .notToMatch( 'SuperMan' );
     });

     describe("The 'toBeTypeOf' matcher evaluates using the CF isValid() function", function() {
          it("works with direct calls", function() {
               expect( [1,2] ).toBeTypeOf( 'Array' );
               expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).toBeTypeOf( 'struct' );
               expect( this ).toBeTypeOf( 'component' );
               expect( '03/01/1990' ).toBeTypeOf( 'usdate' );
          });

          it("works with dynamic calls as well", function() {
               expect( [1,2] ).toBeArray();
               expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).toBeStruct();
               expect( this ).toBeComponent();
               expect( '03/01/1990' ).toBeUsDate();
          });
     });

     it("The 'toBeEmpty' checks emptyness of simple or complex values", function() {
          expect( [] ).toBeEmpty();
          expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).notToBeEmpty();
          expect( '' ).toBeEmpty();
     });

     it("The 'toHaveLength' checks size of simple or complex values", function() {
          expect( [] ).toHaveLength( 0 );
          expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).toHaveLength( 2 );
          expect( 'Hello' ).toHaveLength( 5 );
     });

     it("The 'toHaveKey' checks for existence of keys in structs", function() {
          expect( { name="luis", awesome=true} ).toHaveKey( 'name' );
     });

     it("The 'toHaveDeepKey' checks for existence of keys anywhere in structs", function() {
          expect( { name="luis", { age=35, awesome=true } } ).toHaveDeepKey( 'age' );
     });

     it("The 'toThrow' checks if the actual call fails", function() {
          expect( function(){
               new calculator().divide( 40, 0 );
          }).toThrow();

          expect( function(){
               new calculator().divide( 40, 0 );
          }).toThrow( regex="zero" );
     });

});

Custom Matchers

You can also build and register custom matchers. Please visit the Custom Matchers chapter to read more about custom matchers.

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